A General Surgeon has principal expertise in the diagnosis and care of patients with diseases and disorders affecting the abdomen, digestive tract, endocrine system, breast, skin, and blood vessels. A General Surgeon is also trained in the treatment of patients who are injured or critically ill, and in the care of pediatric and cancer patients. General Surgeons are skilled in the use of minimally invasive techniques and endoscopies. Common conditions treated by General Surgeons include hernias, gallstones, appendicitis, breast tumors, thyroid disorders, pancreatitis, bowel obstructions, colon inflammation, and colon cancer. Some General Surgeons pursue additional training and specialize in the fields of Pediatric Surgery, Surgical Oncology, Vascular Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Transplant Surgery, and others.Specialty training required prior to certification: Five years In addition to a general certificate in Surgery (General Surgery), the American Board of Surgery issues a general certificate in the following area of Surgery.
A Vascular Surgeon has expertise in the diagnosis and management of patients with disorders of the arterial, venous, and lymphatic systems, excluding vessels of the brain and the heart. Certified Vascular Surgeons, have significant experience in providing comprehensive care to patients with all types of vascular disease, including diagnosis, medical treatment, and reconstructive vascular surgical and endovascular techniques. Common interventions performed by vascular surgeons include the opening of blocked arteries, repair of veins to improve circulation, treatment of aneurysms (bulges) in the aorta and other blood vessels, and treatment of vascular injuries. Specialty training required prior to certification: Five to seven years.
- Complex General Surgical Oncology
- Hospice and Palliative Medicine
- Pediatric Surgery
- Surgery of the Hand
- Surgical Critical Care