A Radiologist is a physician who uses imaging methodologies to diagnose and manage patients and provide therapeutic options. Physicians practicing in the field of Radiology specialize in Diagnostic Radiology, Interventional Radiology, and Diagnostic Radiology or Radiation Oncology. The board also certifies in Medical Physics and issues specific certificates within each discipline.
I. DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY
A Diagnostic Radiologist uses x-rays, radionuclides, ultrasound, and electromagnetic radiation to diagnose and treat disease. Training required is six years: one year of clinical internship, followed by five years of Radiology specialists training. Anyone who wishes to specialize in one of the five subspecialty areas listed below must first certify in Diagnostic Radiology.
- Hospice and Palliative Medicine
- Nuclear Radiology
- Pediatric Radiology
- Vascular and Interventional Radiology
II. INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY AND DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY
Interventional Radiology Specialists combine competence in imaging, image-guided minimally invasive procedures and peri-procedural patient care to diagnose and treat benign and malignant conditions of the thorax (excluding the heart), abdomen, pelvis, and extremities. Therapies include embolization, angioplasty, stent placement, thrombus management, drainage, and ablation, among others. Training includes a minimum of three years of Diagnostic Radiology and two years of Interventional Radiology, leading to primary certification in
Interventional Radiology and Diagnostic Radiology.
III. RADIATION ONCOLOGY
A Radiation Oncologist deals with the study and management of disease, especially malignant tumors, and radiological treatments of abnormal tissue through the use of x-rays or radionuclides. Training required is five years: one year of clinical internship, followed by four years of Radiation Oncology training. Anyone who wishes to specialize in the area listed below must first certify with the American Board of Radiology.